Brazil’s answer to political fragmentation could lead to gridlocks

In October 2022, Brazil will observe the debut of a new feature of party political life, the so-called “party federations.” Created last year as part of Brazil’s latest political reform, these federations consist of a new form of congressional alliance that binds parties together for an entire four-year legislature. It was conceived as a way to tackle two issues: giving small parties a chance to circumvent sanctions for not meeting performance thresholds, and reducing fragmentation in Congress.

Indeed, Brazil’s legislative branch is fragmented beyond parallel. A total of 24 parties are represented in the country’s lower house, and there…

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